Extract from Thomas Jefferson to James Madison

the bill for continuing the suspension of intercourse with France & her dependencies is still before the Senate, but will pass by a very great vote. an attack is made on what is called Toussaint’s clause, the object of which, as is charged by the one party and admitted by the other, is to facilitate the separation of that the island from France ... the English will probably forbid them the ocean, confine them to their island, & thus prevent their becoming an American Algiers. it must be admitted too that they may play them off on us when they please. against this there is no remedy but timely measures on our part to clear ourselves of by degrees of the matter on which that leven can work.

RC (DLC: Madison Papers). PrC (DLC). Published in PTJ, 31:9–10.
Date Range
February 5, 1799
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