cultivators of the earth are the most valuable citizens. they are the most vigorous, the most independant, the most virtuous, & they are tied to their country & wedded to it’s liberty & interests by the most lasting bands.
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the earth is given as a common stock for man to labour & live on.
Heliotrope.to be sowed in the spring.a delicious flower, but I suspect it must be planted in boxes & kept in the house in the winter. the smell rewards the care.
I am making a collection of vines for wine & for the table.
I am constantly roving about, to see what I have never seen before and shall never see again
I am never satiated with rambling through the fields and farms, examining the culture and cultivators, with a degree of curiosity which makes some take me to be a fool, and others to be much wiser than I am.
by varying too the articles of culture, we multiply the chances for making something, & disarm the seasons in a proportionable degree of their calamitous effects.
I know no condition happier than that of a Virginia farmer might be, conducting himself as he did during the war. his estate supplies a good table, clothes itself & his family with their ordinary apparel, furnishes a small surplus to buy salt, sugar, coffee, & a little finery for his wife...
Agriculture ... is our wisest pursuit, because it will in the end contribute most to real wealth, good morals & happiness.
good husbandry with us consists in abandoning Indian corn, & tobacco, tending small grain, some red clover, fallowing, & endeavoring to have, while the lands are at rest, a spontaneous cover of white clover. I do not present this as a culture judicious in itself, but as good in comparison...
when earth is rich it bids defiance to droughts, yeilds in abundance & of the best quality.
to satisfy myself by enquiry from the best farmers of all the circumstances which may decide on the best rotation of crops; for I take that to be the most important of all the questions a farmer has to decide.
it turns out that our fruit has not been as entirely killed as was at first apprehended. some latter blossoms have yeilded a small supply of this precious refreshment.
I am become the most industrious & ardent farmer of the canton and have so much to do to recover my farms from the desolated state in which I found them after a ten years absence, that I have no fear of ennui.
I am entirely a farmer, soul and body, never scarcely admitting a sentiment on any other subject
in Paris particularly all the new & good houses are of a single story. that is of the height of 16. or 18. f. generally, & the whole of it given to the rooms of entertainment; but in the parts where there are bedrooms they have two tier of them of from 8. to 10. f. high each, with a...
Agriculture ... this first & most precious of all the arts
the greatest service which can be rendered any country is to add an useful plant to it’s culture; especially a bread grain.
I recieved by mr Mitchell your letter of Sep. 20. and the favor of the Benni seed,...
I think it the duty of farmers who are wealthier than others to give those less so the benefit of any improvements they can introduce, gratis.
Since I had last the pleasure of writing to you, I have to acknolege the reciept of your favors of 1809. June 12. & Oct. 9. & 1810. March 24. with the first came the seeds of the Paullinia or Koelreuteria, one of which has germinated, and is now growing. I cherish it with particular...
I have often thought that if heaven had given me choice of my position & calling, it should have been on a rich spot of earth, well watered, and near a good market for the productions of the garden. no occupation is so delightful to me as the culture of the earth, & no culture comparable...
yet sincerely devoted to this art, the basis of the subsistence, the comforts, and the happiness of man.
The pamphlet you were so kind as to send me manifests a zeal, which cannot be too much praised, for the interests of agriculture, the employment of our first parents of in Eden, the happiest we can follow, and the most important to our country.
With respect to the boys I never till lately doubted but that I should be able to give them a competence as comfortable farmers: and no station is more honorable or happy than that.