honesty, knowlege & industry are the qualities which will lead you to the highest emploiments of your country, & to it’s highest esteem, and with these to that satisfaction which renders life pleasant, & death secure.
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besides the comfort of knowlege, every science is auxiliary to every other.
my method is to make two observations a day, the one as early as possible in the morning, the other from 3. to 4. aclock, because I have found 4. aclock the hottest & day light the coldest point of the 24. hours. I state them in an ivory pocket book in the following form, & copy them out...
the study of the law is useful in a variety of points of view. it qualifies a man to be useful to himself, to his neighbors, & to the public.
in political œconomy I think Smith’s wealth of nations the best book extant.
in the science of government Montesquieu’s spirit of laws is generally recommended. it contains indeed a great number of political truths; but also an equal number of heresies: so that the reader must be constantly on his guard.
Locke’s little book on government is perfect as far as it goes.
Mr. Madison & myself are so far on the tour we had projected ... we were more pleased however with the botanical objects which continually presented themselves. those either unknown or rare in Virginia were the Sugar maple in vast abundance, the Thuya, silver fir, White pine, Pitch pine,...
I inclose you some seeds of the Acacia Farnesiana, the most delicious flowering shrub in the world.
your account of Clarkson’s conduct gives me great pleasure. my first wish is that the labourers may be well treated, the second that they may enable me to have that treatment continued by making as much as will admit it. the man who can effect both objects is rarely to be found. I wish you would...
to satisfy myself by enquiry from the best farmers of all the circumstances which may decide on the best rotation of crops; for I take that to be the most important of all the questions a farmer has to decide.
With respect to the boys I never till lately doubted but that I should be able to give them a competence as comfortable farmers: and no station is more honorable or happy than that.